Advanced Statistical Mechanics

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1 Sept 2017


1) Consider a discrete Markov process in continuous time. Write down the master equation. Determine sufficient conditions for the existence of a stationary probability distribution. Derive the form of the stationary distribution function under these conditions. Is a uniform PDF possible?

2) Consider the Landau-Ginzburg Hamiltionian in dimension d and for an n-component order parameter m. Discuss the critical behavior (t<0 and t>0) of the (ferromagnetic) order parameter and of the specific heat in mean-field theory. Consider subsequently small fluctuations of the order parameter components and treat them in a Gaussian approximation (take n=2). Calculate and discuss the fluctuation corrections to the specific heat and derive the Gaussian approximation for the critical exponent of the specific heat. Interpret your result.